2010年12月23日

「不規則動詞120%」単語一覧

頭にしみこむ英単語「不規則動詞120%」では、372の不規則動詞(及び紛らわしい動詞)を扱います。簡単な動詞から少し難しいものまで含め、ほぼすべての不規則動詞を網羅しています。

一日に配信する単語数は20で、毎日1分だけ、忘れずに学習していただければ、すべての単語を142日で覚えられます。(単語数が多いので、他のメルマガよりも少し長い期間がかかります。)

合わせて「規則動詞の語尾変化の6つのパターン」を適宜ご紹介していきますので、規則動詞と不規則動詞についてはこのメルマガ一本で120%完璧にマスターできます。


少し難しい単語も含まれますが、留学を目指すレベルやビジネスで使えるレベルを目指すなら、知っていてもいい単語です。それに、いつかは覚えなければいけないんですから、所詮いつ覚えるかの差でしか無いですし(^^) 是非ご登録ください。


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 頭にしみこむ英単語 不規則動詞120%



[不規則動詞一覧]
lay, laid, laid (横たえる)
inlay, inlaid, inlaid (はめ込む)
mislay, mislaid, mislaid (置き忘れる)
overlay, overlaid, overlaid (重ねる)
relay, relaid, relaid (敷き替える)
waylay, waylaid, waylaid (待ち伏せする)
lie, lay, lain (横たわる)
lie, lied, lied (嘘を付く)
underlie, underlay, underlain (基礎となる)
slay, slew/slayed, slain/slayed (殺害する)
whet, whetted, whetted (刃物を研ぐ)
wring, wrung, wrung (絞る)
cast, cast, cast (投げる)
broadcast, broadcast/broadcasted, broadcast/broadcasted (放送する)
forecast, forecast, forecast (予想する)
miscast, miscast, miscast (役割を誤る)
rebroadcast, rebroadcast/rebroadcasted, rebroadcast/rebroadcasted (再放送する)
recast, recast, recast (配役を変える)
roughcast, roughcast, roughcast (粗塗りする)
sand-cast, sand-cast, sand-cast (砂型に流しこんで作る)
telecast, telecast, telecast (TV放映する)
typecast, typecast, typecast (決まった型にはめる)
thrust, thrust, thrust (押す)
weep, wept, wept (涙を流す)
see, saw, seen (見る)
foresee, foresaw, foreseen (予知する)
oversee, oversaw, overseen (監督する)
saw, sawed, sawed/sawn (のこぎりでひく)
oversew, oversewed, oversewn/oversewed (かがり縫いをする)
resew, resewed, resewn/resewed (縫い直す)
sew, sewed, sewn/sewed (縫う)
sow, sowed, sown/sowed (種を蒔く)
unsew, unsewed, unsewn/unsewed (ほどく)
swim, swam, swum (泳ぐ)
swing, swung, swung (揺れる)
thrive, thrived/throve, thrived/thriven (繁栄する)
preset, preset, preset (前もってセットする)
reset, reset, reset (リセットする)
set, set, set (置く)
typeset, typeset, typeset (活字に組む)
offset, offset, offset (短所を補う)
outsit, outsat, outsat (長居する)
sit, sat, sat (座る)
upset, upset, upset (ひっくり返す)
handwrite, handwrote, handwritten (手書きする)
miswrite, miswrote, miswritten (書き誤る)
outwrite, outwrote, outwritten (うまく書く)
overwrite, overwrote, overwritten (上書きする)
rewrite, rewrote, rewritten (書きなおす)
typewrite, typewrote, typewritten (タイプライターで打つ)
underwrite, underwrote, underwritten (引き受ける)
write, wrote, written (書く)
bid, bid/bade, bidden (命じる)
bid, bid, bid (値をつける)
forbid, forbade, forbidden (禁じる)
outbid, outbid, outbid (高値をつける)
overbid, overbid, overbid (高い値をつける)
rebid, rebid, rebid (再び賭ける)
underbid, underbid, underbid (安値をつける)
swell, swelled, swollen/swelled (増加する)
rewind, rewound, rewound (巻き戻す)
unwind, unwound, unwound (巻き戻す)
wind, wound, wound (巻く)
wound, wounded, wounded (傷つける)
interwind, interwound, interwound (巻き込む)
overwind, overwound, overwound (巻きすぎる)
sweat, sweat/sweated, sweat/sweated (汗をかく)
sweep, swept, swept (掃く)
do, did, done (〜する)
misdo, misdid, misdone (間違ってする)
outdo, outdid, outdone (凌ぐ)
overdo, overdid, overdone (やり過ぎる)
redo, redid, redone (やり直す)
undo, undid, undone (元に戻す)
strike, struck, struck/stricken (打つ)
strive, strove/strived, striven/strived (努力する)
mistake, mistook, mistaken (間違える)
overtake, overtook, overtaken (追い越す)
retake, retook, retaken (取り戻す)
take, took, taken (取る)
partake, partook, partaken (共にする)
undertake, undertook, undertaken (引き受ける)
stink, stank/stunk, stunk (悪臭を放つ)
strew, strewed, strewn/strewed (撒き散らす)
misread, misread, misread (誤読する)
proofread, proofread, proofread (校正する)
read, read, read (読む)
reread, reread, reread (再読する)
lip-read, lip-read, lip-read (唇を読む)
sight-read, sight-read, sight-read (予習なしで読む)
steal, stole, stolen (盗む)
sting, stung, stung (刺す)
outsell, outsold, outsold (より多く売る)
presell, presold, presold (購買意欲を刺激する)
resell, resold, resold (転売する)
sell, sold, sold (売る)
oversell, oversold, oversold (売りすぎる)
undersell, undersold, undersold (より安く売る)
spread, spread, spread (広げる)
spring, sprang/sprung, sprung (跳ねる、跳ぶ)
breed, bred, bred (子を産む)
crossbreed, crossbred, crossbred (異種交配させる)
inbreed, inbred, inbred (同系交配する)
interbreed, interbred, interbred (異種交配させる)
outbreed, outbred, outbred (異系交配させる)
overbreed, overbred, overbred (繁殖しすぎる)
split, split, split (分ける)
spoil, spoiled/spoilt, spoiled/spoilt (台無しにする)
flee, fled, fled (逃げる)
fly, flew, flown (飛ぶ)
outfly, outflew, outflown (より早く飛ぶ)
dig, dug, dug (掘る)
flow, flowed, flowed (流れる)
smite, smote, smitten/smit/smote (打つ)
sneak, sneaked/snuck, sneaked/snuck (こそこそ逃げる)
spit, spat/spit, spat/spit (つばなどを吐く)
hang, hung, hung (掛ける)
hang, hanged, hanged (絞首刑にする)
overhang, overhung, overhung (覆いかぶさる)
rehang, rehung, rehung (架け直す)
unhang, unhung, unhung (取り外す)
slink, slunk, slunk (こそこそ歩く)
slit, slit, slit (切り開く)
smell, smelled/smelt, smelled/smelt (匂う)
outride, outrode, outridden (乗り切る)
override, overrode, overridden (廃棄する)
rid, rid/ridded, rid/ridded (取り除く)
ride, rode, ridden (乗る)
stride, strode, stridden (大股で歩く)
show, showed, shown (示す・見せる)
shut, shut, shut (閉じる)
sink, sank/sunk, sunk/sunken (沈む)
feed, fed, fed (餌を与える)
hand-feed, hand-fed, hand-fed (手で餌をやる)
overfeed, overfed, overfed (餌をやり過ぎる)
underfeed, underfed, underfed (十分に食物を与えない)
spoon-feed, spoon-fed, spoon-fed (さじで食べさせる)
shear, sheared, sheared/shorn (刈る)
shed, shed, shed (血や涙を流す)
shit, shit/shat/shitted, shit/shat/shitted (大便をする)
build, built, built (建てる)
overbuild, overbuilt, overbuilt (上に建てる)
prebuild, prebuilt, prebuilt (事前に作成する)
rebuild, rebuilt, rebuilt (再建する)
jerry-build, jerry-built, jerry-built (安い材料で家を作る)
seek, sought, sought (捜し求める)
shake, shook, shaken (振る)
shave, shaved, shaved/shaven (剃る)
misspend, misspent, misspent (誤って使う)
outspend, outspent, outspent (お金を使い過ぎる)
overspend, overspent, overspent (金を使い過ぎる)
spend, spent, spent (過ごす・費やす)
underspend, underspent, underspent (少ない額しか使わない)
ring, rang, rung (鳴る)
rise, rose, risen (昇る)
say, said, said (言う)
draw, drew, drawn (描く)
outdraw, outdrew, outdrawn (ピストルなどを早く抜く)
overdraw, overdrew, overdrawn (超過引き出しする)
redraw, redrew, redrawn (引き直す)
withdraw, withdrew, withdrawn (引く)
meet, met, met (会う)
mow, mowed, mowed/mown (草を刈る)
quit, quit, quit (やめる)
bind, bound, bound (縛る)
bound, bouded, bouded (跳ね返る)
rebind, rebound, rebound (縛り直す)
unbind, unbound, unbound (解放する)
outthink, outthought, outthought (裏をかく)
overthink, overthought, overthought (考えすぎる)
rethink, rethought, rethought (再考する)
think, thought, thought (考える・思う)
outrun, outran, outrun (走り抜ける)
overrun, overran, overrun (走り越す、はびこる)
rerun, reran, rerun (再上映する)
run, ran, run (走る)
hear, heard, heard (聞く)
mishear, misheard, misheard (聞き損なう)
overhear, overheard, overheard (偶然に聞く)
rehear, reheard, reheard (再び聞く)
misspeak, misspoke, misspoken (誤って言う)
outspeak, outspoke, outspoken (言い負かす)
overspeak, overspoke, overspoken (しゃべりすぎる)
speak, spoke, spoken (話す)
awake, awoke/awaked, awoke/awaked/awoken (起こす、目覚める)
reawake, reawoke, reawaken (復活させる)
rewake, rewoke/rewaked, rewaken/rewaked (再び起きる)
wake, woke/waked, woken/waked (目覚める)
choose, chose, chosen (選ぶ)
cling, clung, clung (くっつく)
cost, cost, cost (負担させる)
creep, crept, crept (這う)
learn, learned/learnt, learned/learnt (学ぶ)
mislearn, mislearned/mislearnt, mislearned/mislearnt (誤って学ぶ)
relearn, relearned/relearnt, relearned/relearnt (再び学ぶ)
unlearn, unlearned/unlearnt, unlearned/unlearnt (学んだことを忘れる)
overpay, overpaid, overpaid (払いすぎる)
pay, paid, paid (支払う)
prepay, prepaid, prepaid (前払いする)
repay, repaid, repaid (返金する)
interweave, interwove/interweaved, interwoven/interweaved (織り交ぜる)
reweave, rewove/reweaved, rewoven/reweaved (再び織る)
unweave, unwove/unweaved, unwoven/unweaved (織ったものをほどく)
weave, wove/weaved, woven/wove (織る)
misunderstand, misunderstood, misunderstood (誤解する)
stand, stood, stood (立つ)
understand, understood, understood (理解する)
withstand, withstood, withstood (抵抗する)
grind, ground, ground (粉にする)
ground, grounded, grounded (基礎づける)
regrind, reground, reground (再び粉に挽く)
mean, meant, meant (意味する)
cut, cut, cut (切る)
recut, recut, recut (再び切る)
undercut, undercut, undercut (下を切り取る)
lose, lost, lost (失う)
become, became, become (〜になる)
come, came, come (来る)
overcome, overcame, overcome (打ち勝つ)
lend, lent, lent (貸す)
forego, forewent, foregone (先に行く)
go, went, gone (行く)
undergo, underwent, undergone (手術などを受ける)
leave, left, left (去る・出発する)
foretell, foretold, foretold (予告する)
retell, retold, retold (再び語る)
tell, told, told (言う)
lean, leaned/leant, leaned/leant (体を曲げる)
drive, drove, driven (運転する)
outdrive, outdrove, outdriven (酷使する)
test-drive, test-drove, test-driven (試運転する)
know, knew, known (知っている)
outthrow, outthrew, outthrown (投げ出す)
overthrow, overthrew, overthrown (転覆する)
throw, threw, thrown (投げる)
kneel, knelt/kneeled, knelt/kneeled (膝を曲げる)
misteach, mistaught, mistaught (間違って教える)
reteach, retaught, retaught (再び教える)
teach, taught, taught (教える)
keep, kept, kept (保つ)
drink, drank, drunk (飲む)
outdrink, outdrank, outdrunk (より多く飲む)
overdrink, overdrank, overdrunk (飲み過ぎる)
hurt, hurt, hurt (傷つける)
fit, fit/fitted, fit/fitted (適合する)
refit, refit/refitted, refit/refitted (修理する)
retrofit, retrofitted/retrofit, retrofitted/retrofit (改造する)
hit, hit, hit (打つ)
lead, led, led (導く)
mislead, misled, misled (誤って導く)
plead, pleaded/pled, pleaded/pled (弁護する)
hew, hewed, hewn/hewed (オノなどで切る)
freeze, froze, frozen (凍る)
quick-freeze, quick-froze, quick-frozen (急速冷凍する)
unfreeze, unfroze, unfrozen (解凍する)
have, had, had (持っている)
grow, grew, grown (成長する)
outgrow, outgrew, outgrown (大きく成長する)
regrow, regrew, regrown (再生する)
forsake, forsook, forsaken (見捨てる)
knit, knitted/knit, knitted/knit (編む)
reknit, reknitted/reknit, reknitted/reknit (編み直す)
unknit, unknitted/unknit, unknitted/unknit (ほどく)
fling, flung, flung (投げる)
outshoot, outshot, outshot (突き出る)
overshoot, overshot, overshot (射はずす)
shoot, shot, shot (撃つ)
feel, felt, felt (感じる)
outsleep, outslept, outslept (寝過ごす)
oversleep, overslept, overslept (寝過ごす)
sleep, slept, slept (眠る)
dwell, dwelt/dwelled, dwelt/dwelled (住む)
hold, held, held (掴んでいる)
uphold, upheld, upheld (支持する)
withhold, withheld, withheld (差し控える)
dive, dove/dived, dived (飛び込む)
fall, fell, fallen (落ちる)
fell, felled, felled (切り倒す)
find, found, found (見つける)
found, founded, founded (建設する)
rend, rent, rent (引き裂く)
rent, rented, rented (家などを借りる)
forget, forgot, forgotten (忘れる)
get, got, got/gotten (得る)
bite, bit, bitten (噛む)
frostbite, frostbit, frostbitten (霜焼けする)
forgive, forgave, forgiven (許す)
give, gave, given (与える)
input, input/inputted, input/inputted (入力する)
put, put, put (置く)
bend, bent, bent (曲げる)
unbend, unbent, unbent (くつろぐ)
clothe, clothed/clad, clothed/clad (着る)
unclothe, unclothed/unclad, unclothed/unclad (裸にする)
leap, leaped/leapt, leaped/leapt (跳ぶ)
outleap, outleaped/outleapt, outleaped/outleapt (飛び越す)
outshine, outshined/outshone, outshined/outshone (より勝る)
shine, shone, shone (照る)
outsing, outsang, outsung (大声で歌う)
sing, sang, sung (歌う)
beat, beat, beat(en) (負かす)
browbeat, browbeat, browbeaten/browbeat (脅す)
backslide, backslid, backslidden/backslid (堕落する)
slide, slid, slid (滑る)
burn, burned/burnt, burned/burnt (燃える)
sunburn, sunburned/sunburnt, sunburned/sunburnt (日焼けする)
buy, bought, bought (買う)
overbuy, overbought, overbought (買いすぎる)
daydream, daydreamed/daydreamt, daydreamed/daydreamt (白日夢を見る)
dream, dreamed/dreamt, dreamed/dreamt (夢を見る)
deal, dealt, dealt (取り扱う)
misdeal, misdealt, misdealt (トランプを配り違える)
disprove, disproved, disproved/disproven (反論する)
prove, proved, proved/proven (証明する)
eat, ate, eaten (食べる)
overeat, overate, overeaten (食べ過ぎる)
fight, fought, fought (戦う)
outfight, outfought, outfought (打ち負かす)
hide, hid, hidden (隠す)
unhide, unhid, unhidden (再表示する)
let, let, let (〜させる)
sublet, sublet, sublet (又貸しする)
light, lighted/lit, lighted/lit (点火する)
relight, relit/relighted, relit/relighted (再点火する)
make, made, made (作る)
remake, remade, remade (つくり直す)
misspell, misspelled/misspelt, misspelled/misspelt (綴りを間違える)
spell, spelt, spelt (話をつづる)
outspeed, outsped, outsped (より早くいく)
speed, sped/speeded, sped/speeded (急がせる)
outswear, outswore, outsworn (より強く誓う)
swear, swore, sworn (誓う)
overspill, overspilled/overspilt, overspilled/overspilt (あふれる)
spill, spilled/spilt, spilled/spilt (こぼす)
preshrink, preshrank, preshrunk (服などを販売前に縮ませる)
shrink, shrank/shrunk, shrunk/shrunken (縮む)
resend, resent, resent (再び送る)
send, sent, sent (送る)
retear, retore, retorn (再び裂く)
tear, tore, torn (引き裂く)
retread, retread, retread (タイヤに溝を付け直す)
tread, trod, trodden/trod (歩く)
rewear, rewore, reworn (再び着る)
wear, wore, worn (着る)
rewet, rewet/rewetted, rewet/rewetted (再び濡れる)
wet, wet/wetted, wet/wetted (濡らす)
rewin, rewon, rewon (再び獲得する)
win, won, won (勝つ)
sling, slung, slung (放り投げる、吊るす)
unsling, unslung, unslung (吊った所からはずす)
spin, spun, spun (紡ぐ、回す)
unspin, unspun, unspun (回転を止める)
stick, stuck, stuck (くっつく)
unstick, unstuck, unstuck (剥がす)
string, strung, strung (糸に通す)
unstring, unstrung, unstrung (糸から取り外す)
rewed, rewed/rewedded, rewed/rewedded (再婚する)
wed, wedded/wed, wedded/wed (結婚する)
arise, arose, arisen (起こる)
be, was/were, been (〜である)
bear, bore, borne (運ぶ、持つ)
begin, began, begun (始める)
bereave, bereaved/bereft, bereaved/bereft (奪う)
beseech, besought/beseeched, besought/beseeched (嘆願する)
bet, bet/betted, bet/betted (賭ける)
bleed, bled, bled (出血する)
blow, blew, blown (吹く)
break, broke, broken (壊す)
bring, brought, brought (持ってくる)
burst, burst, burst (避ける)
bust, busted/bust, busted/bust (破産する)
catch, caught, caught (捕まえる)



[規則動詞の語尾変化]
1.基本形:語尾に「ed」をつける。
 ex) end → ended、walk → walked

2.「e」で終わる動詞:語尾に「d」をつける。
 ex) change → changed、hope → hoped

3.「子音+y」で終わる動詞:yをiにかえて「ed」をつける。
 ex) cry → cried、study → studied
※「母音+y」で終わる動詞は、y をそのままにして「ed」をつける。
 ex) play → played、enjoy → enjoyed

4.「1母音+1子音」で終わる動詞:子音を重ねて「ed」をつける。
 ex) beg → begged、stop → stopped
※母音・子音が連続している場合は基本形と同じく「ed」だけをつける。
 ex) look → looked、jump → jumped

5.語尾が「c」で終わる語は「k」を加えてから「ed」をつける。
 ex) mimic(まねる)→ mimicked、picnic → picnicked

6.最後の音節にアクセントがある2音節以上の動詞:子音を重ねて「ed」をつける。
 ex) omit → omitted、reffer → referred
※前の音節にアクセントのある語には「ed」だけをつける。
 ex) enter → entered、visit → visited




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 頭にしみこむ英単語 不規則動詞120%

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